The Pharmacology of Lethal Injection

‘…The purpose of these drugs is two-fold. First, they are used to induce death in a manner as painless as possible for the condemned. Second, the drug combination is also intended for the audience to view the process as peaceful and medical, without any twitching of the body, vocalizations, or any reflex actions that can still occur while one is unconscious.

The three types of drugs and their purposes, as originally proposed and used in order, are as follows:

  1. a sedating drug to render the condemned unconscious (barbiturates such as sodium thiopental or pentobarbital)
  2. a neuromuscular blocking drug to cause paralysis of all muscles except the heart (such as pancuronium or vercuronium bromide)
  3. a lethal dose of potassium chloride to arrest the heart

I want to address these drugs in reverse order to illustrate why their successive administration is so important.’ — David Kroll (Forbes).

Anti-surveillance mask

‘If the world starts looking like a scene from “Matrix 3” where everyone has Agent Smith’s face, you can thank Leo Selvaggio. His rubber mask aimed at foiling surveillance cameras features his visage, and if he has his way, plenty of people will be sporting the Personal Surveillance Identity Prosthetic in public. It’s one of three products made by the Chicago-based artist’s URME Surveillance, a venture dedicated to “protecting the public from surveillance and creating a safe space to explore our digital identities.”…

The 3D-printed resin mask, made from a 3D scan of Selvaggio’s face and manufactured by, renders his features and skin tone with surprising realism, though the eyes peeping out from the eye holes do lend a certain creepiness to the look.

Creepiness is, of course, part of the point here, as the interdisciplinary artist takes a his-face-in-everyone’s-face approach to exploring the impact of an increasingly networked world on personal identity.’ (CNET).