How to distinguish a phony grin from the real thing: “You’ve probably seen driver’s license photos in which the subjects looked anything but happy, even though they were smiling. Apparently, a smile by itself is not enough to convey genuine joy. But what distinguishes a real grin from a fake one? And what goes on in the brain to produce genuine versus ersatz expressions in the first place?” Discover Magazine
Brain imaging studies reveal biological basis for human cooperation: ‘Functional MRI scans have revealed a “biologically embedded” basis for altruistic behavior, with several characteristic regions of the brain being activated when players of a game called “Prisoner’s Dilemma” decide to trust each other and cooperate, rather than betray each other for immediate gain, say researchers from Emory University. They report on their study in the July 18 issue of the journal Neuron…’ EurekAlert!
How your tax dollars are helping the President’s brother: “When Bill Clinton did favors for Hillary’s Senate campaign in New York, the press howled. But that pales next to what George W. is doing for Jeb in Florida. A guide to how your tax dollars are helping reelect the president’s brother.” The New Republic
Ebola virus could be synthesised: “The technique used to create the first synthetic polio virus, revealed last week, could be also used to recreate Ebola or the 1918 flu strain that killed up to 40 million people, experts have told New Scientist.
What is even more worrying is that there are easier ways of recreating microbes. You can simply add key genes to a close relative. The key in all cases is knowing the genetic sequence. That raises fundamental questions about the wisdom of publishing the genomes of deadly pathogens on the internet.”
Secret rule demanding “Your papers please” is challenged: ‘Civil libertarian John Gilmore today challenged as unconstitutional a secret federal rule that requires domestic US travelers to identify themselves.
“United States courts have recognized for more than a century that honest citizens have the right to travel throughout America without government restrictions. Some people say that everything changed on 9/11, but patriots have stood by our Constitution through centuries of conflict and uncertainty. Any government that tracks its citizens’ movements and associations, or restricts their travel using secret decrees, is violating that Constitution,” said Gilmore. “With this case, I hope to redirect government anti-terrorism efforts away from intrusive yet useless measures such as ID checks, confiscation of tweezers, and database surveillance of every traveler’s life.” ‘ cryptome