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Mitochondria May Hold Keys to Anxiety and Mental Health | Quanta Magazine

(Feelings of stress and anxiety may depend not just on the neurons in our brains but the mitochondria inside our cells.)

‘Research hints that the energy-generating organelles of cells may play a surprisingly pivotal role in mediating anxiety and depression….’

— via Quanta Magazine

One thought on “Mitochondria May Hold Keys to Anxiety and Mental Health | Quanta Magazine

  1. There is a series of papers showing that a human-specific gene, ARHGAP11B, arose through gene duplication and subsequent further mutation, and that it increases amplification of basal progenitor cells in the devoping brain. Recently it was shown, to me even mor surprisingly, that the product of this gene is active in mitochondria. What could have been just junk became important.
    For more see
    Florio M, Namba T, Pääbo S, Hiller M, Huttner WB. A single splice site mutation in human-specific ARHGAP11B causes basal progenitor amplification. Sci Adv. 2016;2(12):e1601941. Published 2016 Dec 7. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1601941
    Kalebic N, Gilardi C, Albert M, et al. Human-specific ARHGAP11B induces hallmarks of neocortical expansion in developing ferret neocortex. Elife. 2018;7:e41241. Published 2018 Nov 28. doi:10.7554/eLife.41241
    Namba T, Dóczi J, Pinson A, et al. Human-Specific ARHGAP11B Acts in Mitochondria to Expand Neocortical Progenitors by Glutaminolysis. Neuron. 2020;105(5):867-881.e9. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2019.11.027

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