Human Development in the Arab World

“Under the joint auspices of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development a recently published report, Arab Human Development Report 2002 (Creating Opportunities for Future Generations), diagnosed human development in 22 Arab countries in a forthcoming and even blunt manner.


The UNDP has customarily measured the Human Development Index (HDI) in terms of four variables: life expectancy, adult literacy, education enrollment ratios and gross domestic product per capita. This report transcends the UNDP’s traditional criteria and measures human development in terms of three deficits: the freedom deficit, the women’s empowerment deficit, and the human capabilities/knowledge deficit relative to income…” Middle East Media Research Institute